Setting

Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world with a population increasing well over 200 million people. It is categorized as a low-income country marked by high levels of both urban and rural poverty. The nation lags behind other South Asian countries in nutrition, literacy, gender equity, and access to health facilities. Furthermore, the absence of trained professionals coupled with weak infrastructure and significant urban-rural disparities has led to a skewed healthcare system in the country.

Subsequently, Emergency Medicine also did not get the required attention, thus the need of emergency medical care in Pakistan is increasingly critical. Karachi, being the largest city and metropolitan hub of Pakistan, has a population of approximately 24 million people. Due to its status as a commercial center as well as a primary arrival point for refugees arriving from India during Partition of the Subcontinent, it has a diverse and cosmopolitan population, with numerous languages and ethnicities represented. It has a high burden of infectious diseases (including TB and Malaria), traumatic injuries, and non-communicable disease (including Diabetes and Cardiac Diseases).